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The number of electric vehicles in Vietnam has increased rapidly, how does Vietnam solve the charging station problem?

The number of electric vehicles has increased rapidly in 3 years, how does Vietnam solve the charging station problem?


With the rapid development of electric vehicles, in large cities, the deployment of charging station networks also needs to be flexible in combination with units with land funds.


Not out of the general development trend of the world, in recent years Vietnam has been aiming for green energy conversion. In particular, the production, assembly, and import of electric cars and motorbikes are invested and focused on development.


The Ministry of Transport has achieved the goal that by 2050, 100% of road motor vehicles will convert to using electricity and green energy.


The leap of electric vehicles in the country


According to statistics from the Vietnam Registry General Department, from 2020 to the end of the first quarter of 2024, the number of imported electric cars was quite modest, stopping at only 366 units. In contrast, domestically produced electric cars have made an unexpected leap forward.


If in 2020 domestic enterprises have not yet produced and assembled hybrid and electric cars, by 2022 this number will be 1,318 hybrid and 7,483 electric cars, respectively.


Entering 2023, we will see an outstanding number of 15,486 electric cars produced and assembled domestically.


In the first quarter of 2024 alone, 7,195 domestic electric cars continued to be launched, bringing the total number of domestically produced and assembled electric cars from 2021 to the present to 30,298. Notably, the product range also includes electric cars at surprisingly low prices, at only around 200 million VND.



After an unsatisfactory "landfall" in the European market, a series of pure electric cars from China is expected to be launched in the Vietnamese market starting in the second quarter of this year.


Among the car models expected to land in our country shortly, most of them are high chassis cars, equipped with many modern features that "compete" directly with the VinFast VF 6 series such as BYD Atto 3, MG4 EV ... In particular, in the low-cost electric vehicle segment, after Wuling Mini EV, TMT Motors will introduce two new models, Wuling Bingo and Baojun Yep, to compete with the soon-to-be-launched VinFast VF 3.


Thus, in just the past 3 years and in the coming future, the market for electric cars and motorbikes in Vietnam has become more and more vibrant. However, along with rapid development is the problem of how to solve electric charging stations that are safe, meet standards, and meet user needs.


Solve the electric vehicle charging station problem


Facing the rapid development of the electric vehicle market, as well as the deployment of charging station networks, Associate Professor Dr. Luu Duc Hai (former Director of the Urban Development Department, Ministry of Construction) said that in big cities, the development of charging stations should be flexible in combination with units with land funds, such as apartment buildings, rest stops or large parks to optimize.


"In big cities, it is very difficult to orient or plan new land to only charge electric vehicles," Mr. Hai said.


At present, the production and use of charging stations and charging ports is the right of the manufacturing unit, but in the future, these units need to consider a plan for the uniform use of charging ports. That also helps better meet people's charging needs, without having to worry about each car model having different charging ports and charging stations.


In December 2023, the Ho Chi Minh City Department of Transport conducted a survey of more than 10,000 people in Ho Chi Minh City about whether they wanted to switch to electric vehicles in the future or not. Data shows that about 86.83% of survey participants answered "There is no need" and one of the four main reasons given is that the charging station infrastructure is not widespread, they are worried that it will be difficult to find charging stations.


Dr. Ha Dang Son, Director of the Center for Energy Research and Green Growth, said that the current infrastructure system cannot meet the needs of electric vehicles. If electric vehicles are developed too quickly while the supply capacity and electricity infrastructure cannot meet them, it will be a huge technical barrier.


"To attract people to buy electric vehicles, it is necessary to ensure the ability to fully satisfy the ecosystem and convenient infrastructure. While in reality, the network of charging stations for routes going from city to city There are still restrictions from one province to another," Mr. Son added.


In reality, today, imported electric cars such as Porsche, Audi, or Mercedes must be charged at home or at a dealership, or use third-party public charging stations (that do not sell cars) such as EVIDA, Charge Plus, Vietnam Electricity Group (EVN)... but not much.


Vinfast electric car company alone has a "home field" advantage with VinFast's planning of 150,000 charging ports covering all 63 provinces and cities. Thanks to that, Vietnam is not only leading in Southeast Asia in the number of charging stations and charging ports but is also far ahead of leading countries in the world such as the US and China in terms of charging port density based on area scale. and population.


With VinFast's planning of 150,000 charging ports on a scale of 100 million people, on average, every 10,000 Vietnamese people have 15 electric vehicle charging ports. This number is 5 times higher than the US and higher than the 12 charging ports per 10,000 people in China.

(24hmoney.vn)


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