Vietnam's corporate bonds worth $6.15 billion have been redeemed before maturity over the past 10 months, 50% more than a year earlier, the finance ministry said, amid arrests of issuers and allegations of fraud.
Regulators this year tightened rules on corporate bond issuance and later restricted their refinancing, in some cases forcing issuers to redeem missold securities. The authorities aimed at limiting risk-taking in what has been a highly unregulated sector of the domestic credit market.
Investors are closely watching the market. Property debt worth 375 trillion dongs ($15 billion) will mature by 2025, according to the National Assembly's economics committee.
"The debt market is facing difficulties... Investors sentiment is deteriorating," the finance ministry said in a statement, noting the significant rise in redemptions.
Reuters reported that the country's second-biggest property developer, Novaland, had been asked to redeem some of its corporate bonds, aggravating its liquidity woes. Shares of some other real estate firms, such as Phat Dat Real Estate, have suffered sharp falls of about 70% this year.
In addition to that, "the volume of new issuance is decreasing, investors are selling before bonds are due and the volume of premature redemption is high," the ministry said, noting that in the period January to October issuance had been down 25.2% on the same period last year.
A widening anti-corruption crackdown in the property sector is ensnaring prominent business people, brokers, and developers. Meanwhile, the debt market that fuelled their rise is freezing.
However, "capital demand for production and business development is still high while the corporate bond market has a lot of potentials," the finance ministry said