From 2026, vehicles with three to five years of use or more must undergo periodic emissions inspection, and the vehicles that do not meet emissions standards in the zoned area will be restricted from traffic.
Hanoi— Starting from 2024, motorbike owners will be charged fees for gas emissions or restricted from traffic in some areas in Hanoi if their vehicles do not meet the emissions standards, according to the proposal from the Hanoi Department of Natural Resources and Environment.
Recently, the department reported the results of an emissions testing program for old motorbikes and proposed a roadmap for further emissions inspection.
Accordingly, in 2023, the city's agencies will develop a legal framework and issue a plan to control motorbike emissions as well as study zoning for air protection and restricting motorbikes.
In the 2024-25 period, the city will organize annual pilot inspections of motorbikes with five years of use or more.
In this phase, the city will also begin to apply zoning according to emissions standards.
After the pilot period, from 2026, vehicles with three to five years of use or more must undergo periodic emissions inspection, and the vehicles that do not meet emissions standards in the zoned area will be restricted from traffic.
The city will study the application of emission fees for areas according to protected zoning.
Hanoi will build a motorbike emission control system including 170 fixed and mobile emissions testing stations and invest in a traffic camera system to detect black smoke-emitting vehicles (which could be integrated into the existing traffic camera system).
This scenario can be adjusted according to the actual situation.
For example, in the early stages, when people are not yet familiar with periodic motorcycle emissions testing, the city can only control emissions by subjects (people and vehicles), and after a while, the surveillance will be on both subjects and areas. And then, when the city’s transport infrastructure and public transport are adequate, the collection of emission fees will be studied, according to the department.
For the vehicles that do not meet emission standards and/or are too old and worn out, the city will offer vehicle owners financial aid to buy new ones or change their jobs.
According to the department, a survey of 3,800 motorbike owners in the city showed that 86 percent of the people supported the emissions control policy.
The testing fee agreed by the people is about VNĐ30,000-50,000 (US$1.3-2.1) each time with a frequency of once a year.
About 29 percent of the survey participants said they would bring their old motorbikes to the collection points according to regulations.
Previously, in August 2021, Hanoi held a motorbike emission test to assess the current emission status of old motorbikes to make a scientific basis for building and implementing solutions to improve air quality.
Random emissions testing of more than 5,200 vehicles with five years or more of use showed that these old vehicles tend to emit emissions above the permissible limit.
Specifically, the rate of vehicles not meeting level 1 of the Vietnamese standards is more than 54 percent, and not reaching level 2 is over 60 percent.
The testing program also offered financial support for vehicle owners to dispose of their old motorbikes and convert them to new ones.
However, from November 2021 to March 2022, only four people agreed to abandon their old vehicles and received assistance.
According to the Department of Transport, by July 2022, Hanoi had more than 7.6 million vehicles, of which there are more than a million cars, nearly 6.5 million motorbikes of all kinds (half of them manufactured before 2000), and about 180,000 electric motorcycles. This figure does not include vehicles of other provinces circulating in the city.